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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

A Literature Review of Refractive Error and Its Potential Effect on Reading Attainment in the Early Years of School

AUTHOR:

Allen Thurston, PhD and Mhairi Thurston, MA

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2013

PUBLICATION:

Optometry & Visual Performance

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • This paper is a review of the literature surrounding the potential impact of undiagnosed and untreated refractive vision problems on reading development in the early years of primary school.

  • Despite pre-school screening programmes, it is still possible for children to enter school with undiagnosed or uncorrected refractive vision problems.

  • This paper generally discusses correlations between refractive errors and poor reading development.

  • However, the relationships reported remain complex.

  • Myopia is noted to correlate to high reading ability in some studies, but a correlation does not necessarily imply causation.

  • Previous research in the field and deficiencies in the current literature base are discussed.

  • Recommendations for the nature of research that explores whether refractive error is the cause of poor reading development for some children in school are suggested.

  • The study concluded that education for parents regarding eye health or vision care and appropriate examination of vision and binocular status may be important.