A Study on the Prevalence of Refractive Errors among School Children of 10-16 years in Surendranagar District, Gujarat
Parmar, A., Kartha, G. and Baria, M.
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health
The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of refractive errors among school children in Surendranagar district.
This was a cross-sectional study conducted with children aged 10-16 years in urban and rural schools of Surendranagar district.
The overall prevalence of refractive errors among the study group was 29.5%.
The most common symptom of visual impairment was headache reported by 38.58% children.
The study found moderate visual impairment in 36.54% boys and 36.98% girls.
The study found severe visual impairment in 4.80% boys and 2.75% girls.
Of all the children with refractive errors, 61.02% children did not use spectacles for vision correction.
Children aged 10-16 years are vulnerable to refractive errors and many of them are not aware of the refractive errors.