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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

A Study on the Prevalence of Refractive Errors among School Children of 10-16 years in Surendranagar District, Gujarat

AUTHOR:

Parmar, A., Kartha, G. and Baria, M.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2017

PUBLICATION:

International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of refractive errors among school children in Surendranagar district.

  • This was a cross-sectional study conducted with children aged 10-16 years in urban and rural schools of Surendranagar district.

  • The overall prevalence of refractive errors among the study group was 29.5%.

  • The most common symptom of visual impairment was headache reported by 38.58% children.

  • The study found moderate visual impairment in 36.54% boys and 36.98% girls.

  • The study found severe visual impairment in 4.80% boys and 2.75% girls.

  • Of all the children with refractive errors, 61.02% children did not use spectacles for vision correction.

  • Children aged 10-16 years are vulnerable to refractive errors and many of them are not aware of the refractive errors.