A Survey of the Prevalence of Refractive Errors among Children in Lower Primary Schools in Darnah City, Libya
Khalid AK Elmajri
Advances in Ophthalmology & Visual System
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of refractive errors among school children attending lower primaryschool in Darnah city eastern part of Libya and the frequency of the various types of refractive errors, and their associated to selected demographic variables among school children.
A total of 920 children ages 8-11 years old from 10 schools were
Refractive error was associated with female sex (107) one hundred seven children had a significant refractive error of ±0.50 or worse in one or both eyes, giving a prevalence of 11.6% and the commonest refractive error was hypermetropia which accounted for (57) 53.2% of all errors. This was followed by astigmatism with 34 (31.7%) children and myopia with 16 (14.9%).
Refractive error needs careful evaluation and preventive care for children which leads to impaired quality of life and interfere with their daily lifestyle.
Assessing the risk factor will help us to prevent and control the problem of refractive error in future generation which is helpful for the students to live a life problem free life.