Amblyopia and Refractive Errors Among School-Aged Children With Low Socioeconomic Status in Southeastern Turkey
Ihsan Caca, MD; Abdullah Kursat Cingu, MD; Alparslan Sahin, MD; Seyhmus Ari, MD; Mehmet Emin Dursun, MD; Umut Dag, MD; Selahattin Balsak, MD; Fuat Alakus, MD; Abdullah Yavuz, MD; Yilmaz Palanci, MD
Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of refractive errors and other eye diseases, incidence and types of amblyopia in school-aged children, and their relation to gender, age, parental education, and socioeconomic factors.
A total of 21,062 children aged 6 to 14 were screened.
2% of the children had myopia and 5.9% had hyperopia.
Astigmatism 0.50 D or greater was present in 14.3% of children.
Myopia was associated with older age, female gender, and higher parental education.