Causes and Prevalence of Ocular Morbidity Among Primary School Children in Ilorin, Nigeria
Ayanniyi, A.A., Mahmoud, A.O. and Olatunji, F.O.
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
The purpose of this study was to determine the causes and prevalence of ocular morbidity among primary school children in Ilorin, Nigeria.
This was a cross sectional survey of primary school children in 10 randomly selected primary schools within Ilorin.
Two hundred and seventy seven children had ocular pathology giving a prevalence of 19.9%.
The two most common ocular disorders found among the children were refractive errors and vernal conjunctivitis with prevalence of 6.9% and 6.7% respectively.
About 86.7% of the causes of visual impairment and blindness among children were avoidable.
There is need for effective school eye-health programs in developing countries in order to prevent avoidable blindness among children.