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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Causes and Prevalence of Ocular Morbidity Among Primary School Children in Ilorin, Nigeria

AUTHOR:

Ayanniyi, A.A., Mahmoud, A.O. and Olatunji, F.O.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2010

PUBLICATION:

Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to determine the causes and prevalence of ocular morbidity among primary school children in Ilorin, Nigeria.

  • This was a cross sectional survey of primary school children in 10 randomly selected primary schools within Ilorin.

  • Two hundred and seventy seven children had ocular pathology giving a prevalence of 19.9%.

  • The two most common ocular disorders found among the children were refractive errors and vernal conjunctivitis with prevalence of 6.9% and 6.7% respectively.

  • About 86.7% of the causes of visual impairment and blindness among children were avoidable.

  • There is need for effective school eye-health programs in developing countries in order to prevent avoidable blindness among children.