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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Characteristics of Refractive Errors in a Population of Adults in the Central Region of Poland

AUTHOR:

Michal S. Nowak, ID, Piotr Jurowski, Andrzej Grzybowski and Janusz Smigielski

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2018

PUBLICATION:

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The objective of this study is to investigate the distribution of refractive errors and their characteristics in older adults from a Polish population.

  • The study design was a cross-sectional study. A total of 1107 men and women were interviewed and underwent detailed ophthalmic examinations, 998 subjects underwent refraction.

  • Among those who were refracted the distribution of myopia and hyperopia was 24.1% and 37.5% respectively.

  • Myopia decreased from 28.7% in subjects aged 35–59 years to 19.3% in those aged 60 years or older and hyperopia increased from 21.8% at 35–59 years of age to 53.3% in subjects aged ≥60 years.

  • Multiple regression analysis showed decreasing age, female gender and presence of cataract were independent risk factors associated with myopia.

  • The distribution of refractive errors found in this study is similar to those reported in other Caucasian populations and differs from Asian populations.

  • Myopia was positively associated with younger age, female gender and presence of cataract.