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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Disparities in Visual Impairment by Immigrant Status in the United States

AUTHOR:

Wilson, F.A., Wang, Y., Stimpson, J.P., Kessler, A.S., Do, D.V. and Britigan, D.H.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2014

PUBLICATION:

American Journal of Ophthalmology

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to assess the differences in visual impairment between immigrants and natives in the United States.

  • This was a cross-sectional study of clinical vision examination data from the 2003–2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

  • The differences in visual acuity for 20/40 and better vision were not statistically significant for corrective lens users.

  • Among nonusers of corrective lenses, noncitizens were significantly less likely than US natives to have 20/40 or better vision.

  • Noncitizens also had up to 3.5 times the odds of being legally blind relative to US natives after adjusting for confounding factors.

  • There were significant differences in visual acuity exist between immigrants and US natives.