Environmental Risk Factors for refractive error among Egyptian schoolchildren
Saad A, El-Bayoumy BM.
Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal
This study evaluated the preventable environmental risk factors of refractive error (RE) among 1292 Egyptian schoolchildren aged 7-15 years, chosen from 12 schools using multistage random sampling.
A questionnaire was completed, covering personal, medical, social and environmental data.
Statistical analysis revealed that living in an area with many sources of environmental pollution, age, sex, family history of RE, socioeconomic status, ocular problems, school level and amount of near-work (hours/day) were significantly associated with RE.
Logistic regression, after adjustment for sex, found that school level, near-work, socioeconomic status and family history were associated with RE.
The main recommendation of this study is to control for environmental risk factors through early detection of cases of RE, especially among students with a family history and high levels of academic achievement.
Proper management is needed for students with RE, including correction of visual acuity and controlling hours of near-work per day to minimize the progress of the condition.