Magnitude and Pattern of Significant Refractive Errors in Primary School Children of Lilongwe, an Urban District in Malawi
Msiska, V., Njuguna, M. and Kariuki, M.
East African Journal of Ophthalmology
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of significant refractive errors in urban primary school children aged 12 – 15 years in Lilongwe.
This was a cross-sectional study conducted with six non-boarding primary schools in three education zones in the urban Lilongwe district.
The prevalence of significant refractive errors was 2.3% (33/ 1,448).
The prevalence of myopia was 1.7%, hypermetropia 0.4% and astigmatism 0.3%.
Only 3 out of the 33 (9%) children with significant refractive errors were wearing full spectacle correction.
The prevalence of significant refractive errors in primary school children in Lilongwe as in other sub-Saharan African countries is too low to justify a regular school screening programme.