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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Making Eye Health a Population Health Imperative: Vision for Tomorrow

AUTHOR:

Steven M. Teutsch, Margaret A. McCoy, R. Brian Woodbury, and Annalyn Welp, Editors

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2016

PUBLICATION:

The National Academies Press

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The ability to see deeply affects how human beings perceive and interpret the world around them.

  • For most people, eyesight is part of everyday communication, social activities, educational and professional pursuits, the care of others, and the maintenance of personal health, independence, and mobility.

  • Functioning eyes and vision system can reduce an adult’s risk of chronic health conditions, death, falls and injuries, social isolation, depression, and other psychological problems. In children, properly maintained eye and vision health contributes to a child’s social development, academic achievement, and better health across the lifespan.

  • This report proposes a new population-centered framework to guide action and coordination among various, and sometimes competing, stakeholders in pursuit of improved eye and vision health and health equity in the United States.

  • Building on the momentum of previous public health efforts, this report also introduces a model for action that highlights different levels of prevention activities across a range of stakeholders and provides specific examples of how population health strategies can be translated into cohesive areas for action at federal, state, and local levels.