Myopia and International Educational Performance
Morgan, I.G. and Rose, K.A.
Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics
The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between myopia, educational performance and engagement in after-school tutorial classes.
This study was based on the Educational performance data and data on engagement in after-school tutorial classes were taken from the results of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Program in Secondary Assessment (PISA) reports for 2009.
The locations with a high prevalence of myopia combined high educational performance and high engagement in after-school tutorials.
The locations with a low prevalence of myopia combined high educational performance with little engagement in tutorials.
The study results demonstrate that it is possible to achieve high educational outcomes without extensive engagement in after-school tutorials.
The study results shows that the combination of high educational outcomes with extensive use of tutorials is associated with high prevalence rates of myopia.
The study suggests that extensive use of after-school tutorials may be a marker of educational environments which impose high educational loads.
This article was identified as a reference for a VII-commissioned systematic review on the Impact of URE on Children.