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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Parent-Child Problem-Solving Interactions in Families of Visually Impaired Youth

AUTHOR:

Robert Ammerman

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

1991

PUBLICATION:

Journal of Pedriatic Psychology

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • This study investigated problem-solving and conflict-resolution strategies in visually impaired adolescents and their parents.

  • Examination of positive and negative reciprocal patterns of interaction revealed no differences between groups for adolescents, mothers, and fathers on the problem-solving discussion.

SUMMARY

This study investigated problem-solving and conflict-resolution strategies, an important aspect of family functioning, in visually impaired adolescents and their parents.


Visually impaired adolescents were compared to adolescents with spina bifida and a control group of adolescents without disabilities. Parent-adolescent dyads participated in a problem-solving discussion of topics reflecting family disagreement. Videotapes of these discussions were rated for patterns of interaction using the Marital Interaction Coding System (MICS-III).


Examination of positive and negative reciprocal patterns of interaction using sequential analyses and contrasting frequencies of specific behavioral codes revealed no differences between groups for adolescents, mothers, and fathers on the problem-solving discussion. Results are discussed in terms of (a) the impact of visual impairment on family functioning and (b) the need to identify those subgroups of visually impaired and their families that may be at heightened risk for maladjustment.