Parental History of Myopia, Sports and Outdoor Activities, and Future Myopia
Jones, L.A., Sinnott, L.T., Mutti, D.O., Mitchell, G.L., Moeschberger, M.L. and Zadnik, K.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
The purpose of this study was to identify if parental history of myopia and/or parent-reported children’s visual activity levels can predict juvenile-onset myopia.
This was a longitudinal study conducted on a cohort of 514 school-aged children.
From the sample of 514 children eligible for study analysis, 111 (21.6%) became myopic.
Differences in the third grade between eventual myopes and nonmyopes were recognised for the number of myopic parents (P < 0.001).
There were differences in sports and outdoor activity hours per week (11.65 ± 6.97 hours for nonmyopes vs. 7.98 ± 6.54 hours for future myopes, P < 0.001).
The area under the curve for the parental myopia history and sports and outdoor activities model was 0.73.
The study shows that parental history of myopia was an important predictor of juvenile-onset myopia.
This article was identified as a reference for a VII-commissioned systematic review on the Impact of URE on Children.