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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Pediatric Ophthalmology and Childhood Reading Difficulties: Overview of Reading Development and Assessments for the Pediatric Ophthalmologist

AUTHOR:

Collins, Megan E MD, MPH

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2017

PUBLICATION:

Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (JAAPOS) , Volume 21 , Issue 6 , 433 - 436.e2

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • Reading difficulties are common in the pediatric population, and large socioeconomic disparities exist.

  • In the United States 46% of white children achieved expected reading proficiency by the end of fourth grade, while only 21% of Hispanic and 18% of African American children were reading at the expected level.

  • Reading is an involved cognitive process with many subskills; likewise, development of reading proficiency is a complex and continuous process.

  • Failure to achieve reading proficiency or even early difficulty with reading can affect a child’s academic performance for years to come. Some studies suggest reading proficiency may be related to later success in life.

  • Although many problems with reading are not related to vision, a vision assessment is recommended for children with reading difficulties and a suspected vision problem.

  • The process of reading development as well as the varied educational assessments of reading are presented here for pediatric ophthalmologists.