Potential Lost Productivity Resulting from the Global Burden of Myopia: Systematic Review, Meta-analysis, and Modeling
Kovin S. Naidoo, PhD, Timothy R. Fricke, MSc, Kevin D. Frick, PhD, Monica Jong, PhD, Thomas J. Naduvilath, PhD, Serge Resnikoff, MD, Padmaja Sankaridurg, PhD
Brien Holden Vision Institute and the Vision Impact Institute
This study estimated the potential global economic productivity loss resulting from vision impairment (VI) and blindness as a result of uncorrected myopia and myopic macular degeneration (MMD) in 2015.
The objective is understanding the economic burden of VI associated with myopia is critical to addressing myopia as an increasingly prevalent public health problem.
People with myopia are less likely to have adequate optical correction if they are older and live in a rural area of a less developed country.
The global potential productivity loss associated with the burden of VI in 2015 was estimated at US$244 billion (95% confidence interval [CI], US$49 billion–US$697 billion) from uncorrected myopia and US$6 billion (95% CI, US$2 billion—US$17 billion) from MMD.
The study estimates suggest that the Southeast Asia, South Asia, and East Asia Global Burden of Disease regions bear the greatest potential burden as a proportion of their economic activity, whereas East Asia bears the greatest potential burden in absolute terms.
Conclusions from this study, even under conservative assumptions, describe the potential productivity loss associated with VI and blindness resulting from uncorrected myopia is substantially greater than the cost of correcting myopia.