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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Prediction of Juvenile-Onset Myopia

AUTHOR:

Karla Zadnik, Loraine T. Sinnott, Susan A. Cotter, Lisa A. Jones-Jordan, Robert N. Kleinstein, Ruth E. Manny, J. Daniel Twelker, Donald O. Mutti.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

The National Eye Institute and the Office of Minority Research/ National Institutes of Health, the Ohio Lions Eye Research Foundation, and the E. F. Wildermuth Foundation

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2015

PUBLICATION:

JAMA Ophthalmol

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • Myopia (nearsightedness) has its onset in childhood and affects about one-third of adults in the United States. Along with its high prevalence, myopia is expensive to correct and is associated with ocular diseases that include glaucoma and retinal detachment.

  • The objective of this study is to determine the best set of predictors for myopia onset in school-aged children.

  • The study was conducted among 4512 ethnically diverse, nonmyopic school-aged children from grades 1 through 8 from 5 clinical sites. It evaluated 13 candidate risk factors for their ability to predict the onset of myopia.

  • The study concluded that future of myopia can be predicted in a nonmyopic child using a simple, single measure of refractive error. Future trials for prevention of myopia should target the child with low hyperopia as the child at risk.