Preschool Vision Screening in Pediatric Practice: A Study from the Pediatric Research in Office Settings (Pros) Network. American Academy of Pediatrics
Wasserman RC, Croft CA, Brotherton SE
In this cross-sectional study, the vision-screening process is described for 8417 children aged 3 to 5 seen for health supervision in a group of 102 pediatric practices in 23 states and Puerto Rico.
Three hundred forty children who failed screening (63% of those who failed) were followed up 2 months after initial screening.
The sample was 52% male, 86% white, 9% black, 3% Hispanic, and 1% Asian.
Vision screening was attempted on 66% of children overall.
Pediatricians’ reasons for not screening were “not routine” (44%), “too young” (40%), and “screening done previously” (17%). Younger children were less likely to be screened than older children (39% of those aged 3), and Hispanics were less likely to be screened than other ethnic groups (P less than .001). Thirty-three percent of children received no screening for latent strabismus.
Two months later, 50% of parents whose child had failed a vision test were unaware of this fact on questionnaire follow-up. Eighty-five percent of children referred to an eye specialist had made or kept an appointment.
It is concluded that pediatricians need to increase vision screening among younger preschool children and communicate more effectively to parents the results of screening failure.