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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Prevalence and Causes of Low Vision Among Schoolchildren in Kibaha District, Tanzania

AUTHOR:

Kingo, A.U. and Ndawi, B.T.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2009

PUBLICATION:

Tanzania Journal of Health Research

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude and causes of low vision among primary school children in Kibaha district in Tanzania.

  • This was a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted with 13,750 primary school children.

  • Thirty-eight (9.5%) were observed to have low vision.

  • Of the 38 children with low vision, 5 (13%) were 6-11 years old and 33 (87%) were 12 17 years old.

  • The prevalence of low vision was significantly higher in females (68%) than in males (32%).

  • The majority (90%) of the cases among children in Kibaha district were binocular low vision.

  • There is a high prevalence of low vision among schoolchildren in Kibaha with females more affected than males.

  • Early recognition and prompt treatment by regular screening of children would reduce unnecessary visual impairment in Tanzania.