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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Prevalence and Factors Associated With Eyeglass Wear Compliance Among Preschoolers From Low-Income Families in San Francisco, California

AUTHOR:

Sabharwal S, Nakayoshi A, Lees CR, Perez S, de Alba Campomanes AG

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2021

PUBLICATION:

JAMA Ophthalmology

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence and factors associated with eyeglass wear compliance among preschoolers from low-income families who receive eyeglasses through the See Well to Learn program among 188 children 3 to 5 years of age from 51 Bay Area Head Start preschools in San Francisco, California.

  • Participants included students with a failed vision screening who met predetermined refractive criteria following cycloplegic refraction and received eyeglasses through the See Well to Learn program.

  • This study found that nearly 3 of 4 preschool students consistently wore their glasses at school during their first year of use, supporting the continued implementation of preschool-based vision screening programs.

  • These findings suggest that programs involving school-based screening and eyeglass delivery may lessen disparities in accessing pediatric vision care.

  • Consistent with previous studies, students with poorer uncorrected baseline visual acuity were found to be more likely to wear eyeglasses compliantly.