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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Prevalence and Factors Associated With Refractive Error Among Primary School Children in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

AUTHOR:

Misganaw, C. and Woldeyes, A.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2014

PUBLICATION:

International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of refractive error among primary school children.

  • This was an institution based cross-sectional study conducted with 1,800 students in four elementary schools in Arada and Gullele sub cities.

  • Refractive errors that can be corrected by spectacle in either eye or both were present in 71 students (4%).

  • Of 71 students, 19 (26.7%) had myopia, 12 (17%) of them had Astigmatism, 10 (14%) of them were with Myopic astigmatism, 6 (8.4%) of them had Hyperopia, and 3 (4.2%) of them had Hyperopic astigmatism on both eyes, 21(29.6%) participants.

  • There was an association of age, sex, visual impairment and history of ocular injury with refractive error.

  • Refractive error is a common problem in school age children. The problem is common among female. Myopia is the commonest type of refractive error.