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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Myopia Among School Children in Aba, Nigeria

AUTHOR:

Atowa, U.C., Munsamy, A.J. and Wajuihian, S.O.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2017

PUBLICATION:

African Vision and Eye Health

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of myopia among school children in in Aba, Nigeria.

  • This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 1197 participants aged 8 to 15 years, selected through multi-stage random sampling technique from 12 schools in Aba.

  • The prevalence of myopia among studied children was approximately 2.7%.

  • Out of the 96 children with refractive error, 78.1% had uncorrected refractive errors.

  • The risk of myopia development was associated with older age groups and higher level of education.

  • The overall prevalence of myopia and refractive error in school children in Aba were low.

  • The study demonstrated that the high prevalence of uncorrected refractive error is a major public health problem therefore effective and sustainable children’s vision screening programme is needed to prevent visual impairment and blindness.