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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Prevalence of Refractive Error and Visual Impairment among Rural School-Age Children of Goro District, Gurage Zone, Ethiopia

AUTHOR:

Kedir, J. and Girma, A.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2014

PUBLICATION:

Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of refractive error and its magnitude as a cause of visual impairment among school-age children of rural community.

  • This was a community-based cross-sectional descriptive study conducted with 570 participants selected through a multistage cluster sampling method.

  • The prevalence of refractive error was 3.5% (myopia 2.6% and hyperopia 0.9%).

  • Refractive error was the major cause of visual impairment accounting for 54% of all causes in the study group.

  • No child was found wearing corrective spectacles during the study period.

  • Refractive error was the commonest cause of visual impairment in children of the district, but no measures were taken to reduce the burden in the community.