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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Prevalence of Refractive Error in School Children of Karachi, Pakistan

AUTHOR:

Muhammad Irfanullah Siddiqui, Abdul Sattar Khan, Syed Ishtiaq Ahmed, et al

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2008

PUBLICATION:

Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to find out the prevalence of refractive error and the eye morbidity in the school children and the associated factors.

  • A total of 1000 children from 20 schools were selected, however 940 were examined.

  • Prior to this study, only 10.9% of the children had ever been given an ophthalmic examination.

  • The prevalence of refractive error was 8.9%.

  • Refractive error was associated with female sex but no association was found with class, age, ethnicity, parental education and other risk factors.