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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Prevalence of Refractive Errors among Dental Scholars and Supporting Auxiliary Staff in a Government Hospital of Kashmir - A Cross-Sectional Study

AUTHOR:

Shah, A.F., Yousuf, A., Ahmed, R., Jan, S.M., Siddiq, M. and Baba, I.A.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2017

PUBLICATION:

International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of refractive errors among dental students in Kashmir, a city in the North of India.

  • This was a cross-sectional institutional based study conducted on 488 subjects aged 18-23 years, 24- 29 years and 30- 35 years.

  • The overall prevalence of refractive errors was 85.41%, myopia being the most common type with a prevalence of 53.7% and higher in females (56.67%).

  • The prevalence of hypermetropia in this study was lesser than myopia and astigmatism, with a total prevalence of 21.5% affecting more males (27.09%) than females (18.41%).

  • The study found 10.18 % students with astigmatism.

  • The study showed more than 75% students had refractive errors where most of the students were unaware of the defects, thus suggest the need to promote student’s eye health.