Prevalence of Refractive Errors among Dental Scholars and Supporting Auxiliary Staff in a Government Hospital of Kashmir - A Cross-Sectional Study
Shah, A.F., Yousuf, A., Ahmed, R., Jan, S.M., Siddiq, M. and Baba, I.A.
International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of refractive errors among dental students in Kashmir, a city in the North of India.
This was a cross-sectional institutional based study conducted on 488 subjects aged 18-23 years, 24- 29 years and 30- 35 years.
The overall prevalence of refractive errors was 85.41%, myopia being the most common type with a prevalence of 53.7% and higher in females (56.67%).
The prevalence of hypermetropia in this study was lesser than myopia and astigmatism, with a total prevalence of 21.5% affecting more males (27.09%) than females (18.41%).
The study found 10.18 % students with astigmatism.
The study showed more than 75% students had refractive errors where most of the students were unaware of the defects, thus suggest the need to promote student’s eye health.