Line separator

RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Prevalence of Refractive Errors Among Junior High School Students in the Ejisu Juaben Municipality of Ghana

AUTHOR:

E. K. Nakua, E. Otupiri, E. Owusu-Dabo, V. M. Dzomeku, K. Otu-Danquah, and M. Anderson

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2015

PUBLICATION:

Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • Among school children, uncorrected refractive errors have a considerable impact on their participation and learning in class.

  • The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of refractive error among students in the Ejisu-Juabeng Municipality of Ghana.

  • 504 students aged 12-17 years were examined for refractive errors.

  • The overall prevalence rate of refractive errors was 7.5%. Out of the number of children with refractive errors, 39.5% had astigmatism, 31.6% had hyperopia and 28.9% had myopia.

  • The prevalence rate was significantly higher among urban compared with rural students.

  • The study concluded that near work, sex and high parental education level are factors contributing to refractive errors.

  • Children in urban areas are at higher risk compared with their rural counterparts.

  • The study suggests that an efficient pre-school vision examination must be made part of the admission policy of all schools in Ghana.