Prevalence of Refractive Errors Among Pre-School Children at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Mohammad A. Al-Rowaily, MD
Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology
The present study was undertaken to identify the prevalence and pattern of refractive errors among the school-entrant children at King Abdul Aziz Medical City (KAMC), Riyadh city – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Prevalence of different refractive errors were as follows; Myopia (2.5%, 95%CI1.7:3.3%), hyperopia (2.1%, 95%CI 1.3:2.9%), astigmatism (2.5%, 95%CI 1.7:3.3%), amblyopia (0.5%, 95%CI 0.1:0.9%) and strabismus (0.5%, 95% CI 0.1:0.9%).
The author concludes that the results raise the need for school-based program that provides prescription glasses when needed to students at no cost, through government and non-governmental collaborative fund.