Prevalence of Refractive Errors Among Primary School Pupils in Kilungu Division of Makueni District, Kenya
Muma, M.K., Kimani, K., Kariuki-Wanyoike, M.M., Ilako, D.R. and Njuguna, M.W.
Medical Journal of Zambia
The purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude and pattern of significant refractive errors in primary school children in Kilungu division of Makueni District, Kenya.
This was a primary school based cross-sectional study conducted with 1,439 Primary school pupils aged 12 and 15 years.
The prevalence of significant refractive error was 5.2%, and was responsible for 92.6 % of all causes of poor eyesight.
The prevalence of hypermetropia was 3.2%, followed by myopia, 1.7% and astigmatism 0.3%.
Myopia was mostly present in children aged 14 to 15 years than those aged 12 to 13 years.
The overall prevalence of significant refractive errors in children aged 12 to 15 years in Makueni’s Kilungu division at 5.2% was high enough to justify a regular school eye screening in primary schools in Kenya.