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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Prevalence of Refractive Errors Among School Children in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia

AUTHOR:

Yared, A.W., Belaynew, W.T., Destaye, S., Ayanaw, T. and Zelalem, E.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2012

PUBLICATION:

Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of refractive error among children enrolled in elementary schools in Gondar town, Ethiopia.

  • This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 1852 students selected by multistage random sampling in 8 elementary schools.

  • The prevalence of refractive errors in either eye was 9.4%, present in 174 children.

  • Myopia was present in 55 (31.6%) children in the right and left eyes followed by hyperopia in 46 (26.4%) and 39 (22.4%) in the right and left eyes respectively.

  • The commonest refractive error was low myopia present in 61 (49.2%) and 68 (50%) children for the right and left eyes respectively.

  • Refractive error among children is a common problem in Gondar town and needs to be assessed at every health evaluation of school children for timely treatment.