Prevalence of Refractive Errors Among School Children in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia
Yared, A.W., Belaynew, W.T., Destaye, S., Ayanaw, T. and Zelalem, E.
Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of refractive error among children enrolled in elementary schools in Gondar town, Ethiopia.
This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 1852 students selected by multistage random sampling in 8 elementary schools.
The prevalence of refractive errors in either eye was 9.4%, present in 174 children.
Myopia was present in 55 (31.6%) children in the right and left eyes followed by hyperopia in 46 (26.4%) and 39 (22.4%) in the right and left eyes respectively.
The commonest refractive error was low myopia present in 61 (49.2%) and 68 (50%) children for the right and left eyes respectively.
Refractive error among children is a common problem in Gondar town and needs to be assessed at every health evaluation of school children for timely treatment.