Prevalence of Refractive Errors in Children in Equatorial Guinea
Soler, M., Anera, R.G., Castro, J.J., Jiménez, R. And Jiménez, J.R.
Optometry and Vision Science
The purpose of this study was to assess the epidemiological aspects of the refractive errors in school-aged children in Malabo (Island of Bioko), Equatorial Guinea (western-central Africa).
This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 425 schoolchildren aged 6 to 16 years in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea.
The prevalence of myopia (10.4%) found in children from Equatorial Guinea is low.
Unilateral myopia was found in 44 children (10.4%), whereas bilateral myopia was diagnosed in 22 children (5.2%).
Hyperopia in at least one eye was found in 13 children (3.1%), whereas binocularly 7 children were affected (1.6%).
There was a low prevalence of myopia with significantly higher values in those who attended private schools while astigmatism was the most frequent refractive error.