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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Prevalence of Refractive Errors in Pre-School and School Children of Debark and Kola Diba Towns, North-Western Ethiopia

AUTHOR:

Kassa, T. and Alene, G.D.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2003

PUBLICATION:

Ethiopian Journal of Health Development

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of visual impairment due to refractive errors in pre-school and school children in Ethiopia.

  • This was a cross-sectional survey study conducted with 1134 pre-school and school children aged 5 to 15 years.

  • The prevalence rate of low visual impairment due to refractive errors was 7.6%.

  • The most common refractive error identified was myopia 98% and is a major visual problem in school children.

  • The influencing factors found were age of child associated with the presence of refractive errors (P<.003), while sex did not have such associations (P>.6).

  • There is need for vision testing programs in schools and provision of low-cost lenses to those with refractive errors and who cannot afford to buy the glasses.