Prevalence of Refractive Errors in Pre-School and School Children of Debark and Kola Diba Towns, North-Western Ethiopia
Kassa, T. and Alene, G.D.
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of visual impairment due to refractive errors in pre-school and school children in Ethiopia.
This was a cross-sectional survey study conducted with 1134 pre-school and school children aged 5 to 15 years.
The prevalence rate of low visual impairment due to refractive errors was 7.6%.
The most common refractive error identified was myopia 98% and is a major visual problem in school children.
The influencing factors found were age of child associated with the presence of refractive errors (P<.003), while sex did not have such associations (P>.6).
There is need for vision testing programs in schools and provision of low-cost lenses to those with refractive errors and who cannot afford to buy the glasses.