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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Prevalence of Refractive Errors in School-Age Children in Burkina Faso

AUTHOR:

Anera, R.G., Jiménez, J.R., Soler, M., Pérez, M.A., Jiménez, R. and Cardona, J.C.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2006

PUBLICATION:

Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of refractive errors in school-age children in Burkina Faso, west-central Africa.

  • The study examined 388 children belonging mainly to two ethnic groups, Bwaba and Mossi.

  • The total prevalence of myopia was 0.5% (2/388), hyperopia was 4.9% (19/388), bilateral hyperopia was 3.4% (13/388), astigmatism was 7.0% (27/388), bilateral astigmatism was 1.5% (6/388), and anisometropia was 0.5% (2/388).

  • There was a very low prevalence of myopia in Burkina Faso, clinically significant hyperopia was also uncommon. These results agree with other studies on populations with low literacy and a nonurban.