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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Prevalence of the Refractive Errors by Age and Gender: The Mashhad Eye Study of Iran

AUTHOR:

Hadi Ostadimoghaddam PhD, Akbar Fotouhi MD PhD, Hassan Hashemi MD, Abbasali Yekta PhD, Javad Heravian PhD, Farhad Rezvan MD, Hamidreza Ghadimi MD, Bijan Rezvan DDS, Mehdi Khabazkhoob MSc

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2011

PUBLICATION:

Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence rates of myopia and hyperopia in a population in Mashhad, Iran.

  • The prevalence of myopia and hyperopia in individuals ≤15 years old was 3.64% (95% CI: 2.19–5.09) and 27.4% (95%CI: 23.72–31.09), respectively.

  • Myopia was found to increase with age in individuals ≤15 years and decrease with age in individuals >15 years of age.