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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Prevention of Progression in Myopia: A Systematic Review

AUTHOR:

Aldo Vagge, Lorenzo Ferro Desideri, Paolo Nucci, Massimiliano Serafino, Giuseppe Giannaccare, and Carlo E. Traverso

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2018

PUBLICATION:

Diseases Journal - MDPI

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The prevalence of myopia has increased worldwide in recent decades and now is endemic over the entire industrial world. This increase is mainly caused by changes in lifestyle and behavior.

  • In particular, the amount of outdoor activities and near work would display an important role in the pathogenesis of the disease.Several strategies have been reported as effective.

  • Spectacles and contact lenses have shown only slight results in the prevention of myopia and similarly ortokerathology should not be considered as a first-line strategy, given the high risk of infectious keratitis and the relatively low compliance for the patients.

  • Thus, to date, atropine ophthalmic drops seem to be the most effective treatment for slowing the progression of myopia, although the exact mechanism of the effect of treatment is still uncertain.

  • In particular, low-dose atropine (0.01%) was proven to be an effective and safe treatment in the long term due to the lowest rebound effect with negligible side effects.