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Profile of Refractive Error in Ekiti, South Western Nigeria


Ajayi IA, Omotoye OJ, Omotoso-Olagoke O.


African Vision Research Institute




African Vision and Eye Health Journal


  • Refractive error is one of the eye disorders with the capability of causing visual impairment.

  • The observational study aims at identifying various types and proportion of refractive errors seen in patients attending an eye clinic at the tertiary health centre in a southwestern Nigeria hospital.

  • Refractive error constituted 618 (21.4%) of the total new cases. The mean age was 39.3 ± 22.96 years.

  • The male to female ratio was 1:1.8. Children constituted 25.7% of all the cases.

  • The most common refractive error was myopia in 64.3%. A total of 312 (50.5%) patients had other co-existing ocular disorders with allergic conjunctivitis on the top of the list.

  • The number of visually impaired reduced to 70 (5.64%) after the correction of existing refractive error with about 94.1% having their visual acuity restored to normal.

  • Refractive error was a common eye disorder among our patients with the proportion of children about a quarter of all patients.

  • The study recommends that childhood refractive errors should be given prioritised attention in eye outreach programmes.