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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Racial Disparities in Uncorrected and Undercorrected Refractive Error in the United States

AUTHOR:

Qiu, M., Wang, S.Y., Singh, K. and Lin, S.C.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2014

PUBLICATION:

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for inadequately corrected refractive error in the United States.

  • This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 12,758 participants aged 12 years and older.

  • The refractive error was present and corrected with refraction in 50% of the participants.

  • The correctable refractive error was inadequately corrected in 11.7% of the participants.

  • Risk factors linked with inadequate refractive correction in adults but not in teenagers included low annual household income, low education, and lack of health insurance.

  • Racial differences in refractive error correction were most obvious in those under 20 years, and in adults with low annual household income, low education, and lack of health insurance.