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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Refractive Error, Ocular Biometry and Oculomotor Function: The Prevalence of Myopia and Its Potential Risk Factors in the Middle East, with an Investigation of Dynamic Accommodation Responses and Axial Length Fluctuations in Young Myopic Adults

AUTHOR:

Gammoh, Yazan Sultan Sa'ad

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

Optometry and Vision Science, Bradford School of Life Sciences

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2012

PUBLICATION:

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The main experimental work of this thesis has been a cross-sectional study of the prevalence of refractive error and its biometric correlates in Middle Eastern adults.

  • The prevalence of myopia in 3000 Middle Eastern adults (age range 17-40 years) was similar to previously reported levels of myopia in the West.

  • Myopia was associated with a higher level of education, occupations with a high nearwork demand and positive family history of myopia; all of which have been identified as risk factors for myopia development and progression.

  • A number of recommendations for further work on the prevalence of refractive error in the Middle East are suggested.