Refractive Error and Visual Functions in Children with Special Needs Compared with the First Grade School Students in Oman
Urmi Vora, Rajiv Khandekar, Sarvanan Natrajan, Khalfan Al-Hadrami
Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
The study evaluated the refractive status and visual function of children with special needs (other handicap) in 2010 and compared them with healthy 1st grade school students in Oman.
The prevalence of refractive error in 70 children (4.7 ± 0.8 years) with special needs (group 1) and 175 normal healthy first grade students (group 2) were 58.5% and 2.9%, respectively.
Prevalence of strabismus, nystagmus, and reduced contrast sensitivity was also higher in children with special needs.