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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Refractive Error Pattern of Children in South-South Nigeria: A Tertiary Hospital Study

AUTHOR:

Opubiri, I., Adio, A. and Megbelayin, E.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

Sky Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2013

PUBLICATION:

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to determine the pattern of refractive errors among children in Bayelsa State, South-South Nigeria.

  • This was retrospective review of all the children (4 – 15 years) who were refracted at the eye clinic of the Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital.

  • Refractive error was present in 114 children consisting of 72 (63.2%) females and 42 (36.8%) males.

  • The most common refractive error was myopia presenting 61.4% of cases.

  • The prevalence of myopia, astigmatism and hyperopia were 13.8%, 6.1% and 2.6% respectively.

  • Refractive error was common in children with myopia as the most common type and more prevalent in females.