Refractive Error Study in Children: Results from La Florida, Chile
Maul, E., Barroso, S., Munoz, S.R., Sperduto, R.D. and Ellwein, L.B.
American Journal of Ophthalmology
The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of refractive errors and vision impairment in school-age children in a suburban area of Santiago, Chile.
A total of 6998 children from 3830 households were randomly selected, and 5,303 children (75.8%) were examined.
The prevalence of uncorrected, presenting, and best visual acuity 0.50 (20/40) or worse in at least one eye was 15.8%, 14.7%, and 7.4%, respectively.
3% participants had best visual acuity 0.50 or worse in both eyes.
Refractive error was the cause in 56.3% of the 1,285 eyes with reduced vision, amblyopia in 6.5%.
Hyperopia 2.00 diopters or greater decreased from 22.7% to 7.1% in males and from 26.3% to 8.9% in females.
Females had a significantly higher risk of hyperopia than males.
Refractive error, associated primarily with myopia, is a major cause of reduced vision in school-age children in La Florida.
This article was identified as a reference for a VII-commissioned systematic review on the Impact of URE on Children.