Line separator

RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Refractive Errors Among School Children in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

AUTHOR:

Alemayehu, W. and Tigist, S.W.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2016

PUBLICATION:

Journal of Ophthalmology of Eastern Central and Southern

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of refractive errors among school children aged 6-18 years in the city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

  • This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 1800 students in four randomly selected elementary schools.

  • The prevalence of refractive errors in either eye or both was 4% (i.e., 71 out of 1789).

  • Of 71 children, 19 (26.7%) had myopia, 12 (17%) had astigmatism, 10 (14%) myopic astigmatism, 6 (8.4%) hyperopia, and 3 (4.2%) hyperopic astigmatism on both eyes.

  • The majority (96.5%) of those with refractive errors did not require any further management.

  • Only 3.4% of the participants were given spectacles and the rest were referred to an ophthalmologist.

  • There was an association of age, sex, other eye diseases and history of ocular injury with refractive error.

  • Refractive error is a common problem in school children and the problem is common among females suggesting the need for school eye screening programmes.