Refractive Errors Among School Children in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Alemayehu, W. and Tigist, S.W.
Journal of Ophthalmology of Eastern Central and Southern
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of refractive errors among school children aged 6-18 years in the city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 1800 students in four randomly selected elementary schools.
The prevalence of refractive errors in either eye or both was 4% (i.e., 71 out of 1789).
Of 71 children, 19 (26.7%) had myopia, 12 (17%) had astigmatism, 10 (14%) myopic astigmatism, 6 (8.4%) hyperopia, and 3 (4.2%) hyperopic astigmatism on both eyes.
The majority (96.5%) of those with refractive errors did not require any further management.
Only 3.4% of the participants were given spectacles and the rest were referred to an ophthalmologist.
There was an association of age, sex, other eye diseases and history of ocular injury with refractive error.
Refractive error is a common problem in school children and the problem is common among females suggesting the need for school eye screening programmes.