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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Refractive Errors Among Students Enrolled in Assiut University, Egypt

AUTHOR:

Mohamed S. H. Massouda, Mohamed A. Nassr

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2015

PUBLICATION:

Journal of Egyptian Ophthalmological Society

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of refractive errors in students enrolled in the first year in Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt.

  • A total of 3442 students attending the pre-enrollment fitness clinic in Assiut University Hospital for routine medical examination before university enrollment underwent visual screening including uncorrected visual acuity, color vision, in addition to a slit-lamp examination.

  • Students with a visual acuity of 6/9 or less in either eye undergo objective refraction and subjective verification to determine the best-corrected visual acuity.

  • A total of 3442 students were enrolled in this study; refractive error was found in 360 (10.46%) students, 193 males and 167 females.

  • Refractive error is a common cause of visual impairment among the group of adolescents admitted for university education in Upper Egypt.

  • Myopia is particularly more prevalent than that reported in other regions of Egypt and other countries. Early detection and correction is essential to avoid ametropic amblyopia.