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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Refractive Errors in Primary School Children in Nigeria

AUTHOR:

Faderin, M.A. and Ajaiyeoba, A.I.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2001

PUBLICATION:

Nigerian Journal of Ophthalmology

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of refractive errors in primary school children in the Nigerian Army children school.

  • This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 919 pupils from two primary schools selected through stratified random sampling methods.

  • The prevalence of refractive error was 7.3% (95% CI = 5.5% – 9.1%).

  • Hypermetropia predominated with 52.2% of all errors and was common between 6 and 15 years of age.

  • Myopia was found in only 9% of children and was common in children less than 8 years of age.

  • Astigmatism was present in 38.8% of children who above 13 years of age.

  • Frequent school-screening programs that provide glasses at low cost or free of charge for those who have refractive errors should be promoted in Nigeria.