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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Refractive Status of Primary School Children in Mopani District, Limpopo Province, South Africa

AUTHOR:

Mabaso, R.G., Oduntan, A.O. and Mpolokeng, M.B.L.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2006

PUBLICATION:

South African Optometrist

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to determine the causes, prevalence, and  distribution  of  ocular  dis-orders  among  rural  primary  school  children in  Mopani  district  of  Limpopo  Province, South Africa.

  • Three hundred and eighty eight children aged  8  to  15  years  were  randomly selected for examination from five randomly selected schools.

  • The prevalence of hyperopia was higher than that of myopia both in the right and left eyes of males and females among all age groups.

  • In the total sample, 566 (72.9%) eyes had hyperopia and only 19 (2.5%) had myopia.

  • Of the entire sample, 191 (24.6%) children had emmetropia.

  • The study recommend regular vision screening programmes, appropriate  referral  and  vision correction  in  primary  schools  in  Mopani district.