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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Relationship Between Habitual Refractive Errors and Headache Complaints in School Children

AUTHOR:

Hendricks, T.J., De Brabander, J., Van der Horst, F.G., Hendrikse, F. and Knottnerus, J.A.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2007

PUBLICATION:

Optometry and Vision Science

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between habitual refractive errors and headache complaints in School children.

  • This was a cross-sectional study of 487 children aged 11 to 13 years.

  • Discovered for the right eye was 15% habitual myopia <─ 0.50 D and 12% habitual hyperopia >+ 0.50 D; habitual astigmatism >0.25 D was found in 33% of children.

  • Pearson R between right and left eyes was 0.76 for the spherical component and 0.42 for the cylindrical.

  • In the total group of children 70% reported the occurrence of headache in the last year.

  • Headaches were reported as “often or frequent” by 37% of children, “severe” by 15%, “with long duration” by 45%, and “with severe burden” by 27%.

  • There are various associations between gender, sphere/cylinder components of habitual RE, and headache complaints.

  • From the total participants, headache was reported more in girls than in boys.

  • Of the total variance of headache complaints in girls, the sphere component of habitual RE explained 4% of frequency, 6% of intensity, 2% of duration, and 2% of amount of burden.

  • Of the total variance of headache complaints in boys the cylinder component of habitual RE explained 3% of frequency, and 4% in amount of burden.

  • Habitual RE and headache complaints are relatively common conditions in school children aged between 11 and 13 years.

This article was identified as a reference for a VII-commissioned systematic review on the Impact of URE on Children.