Risk Factors and Behaviours of Schoolchildren with Myopia in Taiwan
Han-Chih Cheng, Koyin Chang, Elizabeth Shen, Kai-Shin Luo, Yung-Hsiang Ying
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
This study investigated the risk factors for myopia and their influence on the progression of myopia in schoolchildren in Taiwan.
Patients’ clinical records were obtained retrospectively from ophthalmologists. Questionnaires were given to collect demographic information, family background, hours spent on daily activities, myopia progression, and treatment methods.
From a regional medical hospital in northern Taiwan, 522 schoolchildren with myopia participated in the study.
Written informed consent was obtained from participants of legal age or the parents or legal guardians of younger children.
Multivariable regression analyses were performed. Myopia measured in cycloplegic spherical equivalent (SE) was analysed, controlling for patients’ family and demographic information as well as their daily activity behaviours.
Children with high myopic parents were more myopic.
Earlier onset age of myopia was associated with a higher level of myopia and greater annual myopic progression.
Children reporting longer time usage of electronic devices had greater progression of myopia. Boys tended to be more myopic than girls.
Lower levels of myopia were associated with more outdoor activities, and better vision care knowledge in children and parents.
In addition to genetics, education and environment can influence the development of myopia.
Health policies for schoolchildren should promote protective activities and vision care knowledge at a young age, to protect the eyesight of schoolchildren.