Spectacles Use in a Rural Population in the State of Telangana in South India
Marmamula, S., Khanna, R.C., Kunuku, E. and Rao, G.N.
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and patterns of spectacles use among those aged ≥40 years in the South Indian state of Telangana.
This was a population-based, cross-sectional study conducted with 6150 people from 123 clusters in the two districts of Telangana state.
The prevalence of current spectacles use was 28.8% (95% confidence interval: 27.6–30.0).
Spectacles use was significantly associated with older age groups, female gender, higher levels of education, and residing in Adilabad district.
Bifocals were the most commonly used type of spectacles (56.3%), and private eye clinics (70.3%) were the leading service providers.
The study found that the spectacles coverage was 53.6%.
The study revealed good spectacles coverage in the two districts studies which can be improved further to reach the goal of elimination of refractive errors as a cause of visual impairment in this region.