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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Spectrum of Visual Impairment Among Urban Female School Students of Surat

AUTHOR:

Basu, M., Das, P., Pal, R., Kar, S., Desai, V.K. and Kavishwar, A.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2011

PUBLICATION:

Indian Journal of Ophthalmology

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to assess the extent of visual impairment and ocular morbidity to identify influencing factors and the impact on scholastic performance.

  • This was a population-based cross-sectional study undertaken among 3002 urban girl students of Surat in India.

  • The prevalence of refractive error was 15.22%; myopia was 91.47%, hyperopia was 4.60%, and astigmatism was 0.04%.

  • The prevalence of myopia and astigmatism mostly affected higher age groups.

  • The prevalence of hyperopia was higher in lower age groups such that even students with good vision reported ophthalmic symptoms.

  • Out of all spectacle users, 29.73% cases the eyesight was not found to be with the best possible corrections.

  • Refractive error was higher among the general caste (50.98%) and among Muslims (54.05%).

  • Of the participants with vision problems, 75.93% students had good academic performance.

  • Related ocular morbidity was observed in 20.35% participants along with the refractive error.

  • There is a load of eye morbidities of adolescent Indian urban girls and screening helps in early detection and timely interventions.

This article was identified as a reference for a VII-commissioned systematic review on the Impact of URE on Children.