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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

The Impact of Uncorrected Refractive Error (URE) on the Elderly Population: A Systematic Review

AUTHOR:

Khathutshelo P. Mashige, Jyoti Jaggernath, Pirindhavellie Govender, Iris Gordon, Nyika Mtemeri, Peter Clarke-Farr, Kovin S. Naidoo

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

Commissioned by the Vision Impact Institute

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2020

PUBLICATION:

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • Ageing and growth of the global population is expected to lead to a large increase in the number of persons wearing and/or needing vision corrections. However, little is known about the impact of uncorrected refractive error (URE) and vision corrections specifically in the elderly population.

  • The objective of this study was to systematically review relevant literature investigating the impact of URE on the elderly population and the impact of correcting refractive error in this population.

  • Participants in this study are older adults, 65 years of age and above globally.

  • A systematic search of 14 data bases and the reference lists of retrieved studies were conducted using the standard methodology that adhered to the PRISMA statement. Identified studies were assessed independently for methodological quality and validity by two independent reviewers, prior to inclusion in the review using the corresponding checklists from the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) and Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guidelines tools. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the data.

  • The main Outcome Measures of this study is Quality of life.

  • The initial search retrieved 9480 studies and only 2 met the set inclusion criteria, one being a randomised control trial (RCT) and the other a cross sectional study.