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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

The Prevalence and Pattern of Visual Impairment and Blindness Among Primary School Pupils in Kitale Municipality, Kenya

AUTHOR:

Wanyama, E.B.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2011

PUBLICATION:

Journal of Ophthalmology of Eastern Central and Southern Africa

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and pattern of Visual Impairment (VI) and blindness among primary school pupils in Kitale Municipality.

  • This was a cross-sectional school based study conducted with 776 pupils aged 5 to 22 years.

  • The prevalence of visual impairment was 4.77% and 0% for severe visual impairment while that of blindness was 0.13%.

  • Refractive error was the leading cause of VI (81.08%).

  • Other causes were albinism (5.1%), corneal disease (5.1%), disease of whole globe (2.70%), strabismus (2.70%) and nystagmus (2.70%).

  • There is need to do annual school eye screening by relevant ministries in order to enhance early detection and management of eye problems among primary school pupils.