The Prevalence of Refractive Errors and its Determinants in the Elderly Population of Mashhad, Iran
Abbas Ali Yekta, Akbar Fotouhi, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Hassan Hashemi, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Javad Heravian, Shiva Mehravaran
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence rates of refractive errors in elderly people in Mashhad, Iran.
The prevalence of myopia was 27.2% (95% confidence interval (CI) 24.8–29.5); 29.6% in men and 22.5% in women (P < 0.001).
The prevalence of hyperopia was 51.6% (95% CI, 48.9% to 54.3%); 57.6% in women and 48.3% in men (P < 0.001).
The study concluded that Refractive errors are a major issue among the elderly and their prevalence rates vary greatly depending on age and gender.