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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

The Prevalence of Refractive Errors and its Determinants in the Elderly Population of Mashhad, Iran

AUTHOR:

Abbas Ali Yekta, Akbar Fotouhi, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Hassan Hashemi, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Javad Heravian, Shiva Mehravaran

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2009

PUBLICATION:

Ophthalmic Epidemiology

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence rates of refractive errors in elderly people in Mashhad, Iran.

  • The prevalence of myopia was 27.2% (95% confidence interval (CI) 24.8–29.5); 29.6% in men and 22.5% in women (P < 0.001).

  • The prevalence of hyperopia was 51.6% (95% CI, 48.9% to 54.3%); 57.6% in women and 48.3% in men (P < 0.001).

  • The study concluded that Refractive errors are a major issue among the elderly and their prevalence rates vary greatly depending on age and gender.